Aam Aadmi Party is an Indian party , formally launched on 26 November 2012, and is currently the ruling party of the capital Territory of Delhi. It came into existence following differences between the activists Arvind Kejriwal and Anna Hazare regarding whether or to not politicise the favored India Against Corruption movement that had been demanding a Jan Lokpal Bill since 2011. Hazare preferred that the movement should remain politically unaligned while Kejriwal felt the failure of the agitation route necessitated direct political involvement.
The party made its electoral debut within the 2013 Delhi legislature election, where it emerged because the second-largest party, winning 28 of the 70 seats. With no party obtaining an overall majority, the AAP formed a minority government with conditional support from the Indian National Congress. a big a part of its agenda was to quickly introduce the Jan Lokpal bill within the capital Territory of Delhi. When it became clear after the election that the opposite major parties wouldnt support this bill, the AAP government resigned. It had been in power for 49 days.
In the 2015 Delhi legislature election, AAP won 67 of the 70 seats within the assembly. Among two national political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party won 3 seats, while the Indian National Congress didnt win any. within the 2020 Delhi legislature election, the Aam Aadmi Party won 62 out of the 70 seats, the Bharatiya Janata Party won 8, while the Indian National Congress once more didnt win any seats within the election.
The AAP has its origins within the India Against Corruption movement organised by Anna Hazare, Arvind Kejriwal and a few other social activists who had been involved in Team Anna, a strand of the anti-corruption movement for a Jan Lokpal Bill that had gained momentum in India during 2011 and 2012. Hazare had wanted to stay the movement politically neutral but Kejriwal considered that direct involvement in politics was necessary because attempts to get progress regarding the Jan Lokpal Bill through talks with existing political parties had, in his opinion, achieved nothing. A survey conducted on a Facebook page that alleged to be operated by India Against Corruption and other social networking services had indicated that there was wide support for politicisation. Hazare rejected the poll, saying "elections require huge funds, which can be tough for activists to organise without compromising on their values". He also said it might be difficult to make sure that candidates arent corrupted once elected. Hazare and Kejriwal agreed on 19 September 2012 that their differences regarding a task in politics were irreconcilable. Kejriwal had support from some anti-corruption movement activists, like Prashant Bhushan and Shanti Bhushan, but was opposed by others like Kiran Bedi and Santosh Hegde. On 2 October,Kejriwal announced that he was forming a party which he intended the formal launch to get on 26 November, coinciding with the anniversary of Indias adoption of its Constitution in 1949.
At the time of formation, the AAP said that the promise of equality and justice that forms a neighborhood of the Constitution of India and of its preamble has not been fulfilled which the Independence of India has replaced enslavement to an oppressive foreign power thereupon to a political elite. It claimed that the folk of India remain unheard and unseen except when it suits the politicians. It wants to reverse the way that the accountability of state operates and has taken an interpretation of the Gandhian concept of swaraj as a tenet. It believes that through swaraj the govt are going to be directly accountable to the people rather than higher officials. The swaraj model lays stress on self-governance, community building and decentralization.
Kejriwal has said that the AAP refuses to be guided by ideologies which theyre entering politics to vary the system, Kejriwal said "We are aam aadmis. If we discover our solution within the left we are happy to borrow it from there. If we discover our solution within the right, we are happy to borrow it from there."
In early 2014, there was some media speculation that an alliance might form between the AAP and Communist Party of India (Marxist). Prakash Karat, the CPI(M) leader, thought that there have been some ideological similarities between the 2 parties, like their agendas concerning social justice and decentralisation of power. The AAPs Prashant Bhushan explicitly refuted any joining of forces, claiming that there was corruption within the CPIM. A columnist, T. C. A. Srinivasa Raghavan, said that the AAP was right-wing when it came to morality and left-wing when it came to economics. However, the party advocates scrapping Section 377 of the Indian legal code and legalizing both homosexuality and couple .The party is additionally considered being populist and to the left of the Indian National Congress economically.
Victory In Delhi
Despite losing all seven Lok Sabha seats in Delhi within the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, the AAP was quickly back on its feet, launching a mass contact programme to demand that elections be held in Delhi. The party took the achievements of its 49-day government to the people of Delhi, promising to finish corruption another time if re-elected. This time, the party’s clarion call was “Paanch Saal Kejriwal” – promising that the Kejriwal-led AAP government will complete its tenure. The winter of 2014-15 saw the birth of the ‘Mufflerman’, a nickname for the muffler-clad anti-corruption crusader of Delhi. The frenzy of support for the AAP across all caste, class and non secular divides had set the context for a decisive victory against the BJP, which had swept the Lok Sabha elections only a couple of months back. the ultimate tally sent shockwaves round the country. In what was called a miraculous performance, the AAP had won 67 out of 70 seats within the Delhi Assembly, with a record vote share of 54%. a celebration that was born but two years before the historic election of 2015 had cemented its place on the political map of India.