Andhra Pradesh is a state within the south-eastern coastal region of India. its the seventh-largest state by area covering a neighborhood of 162,975 km2 (62,925 sq mi)and tenth-most populous state with 49,386,799 inhabitants. its bordered by Telangana to the north-west, Chhattisgarh to the north, Odisha to the north-east, Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the west and therefore the Bay of Bengal to the east. its the second longest coastline in India after Gujarat, of about 974 km (605 mi).
Andhra Pradesh is that the Delaware to be formed on a linguistic basis in India on 1 October 1953. Andhra Pradesh was once a serious Buddhist pilgrimage site in India and a Buddhist learning center which may be seen in many sites within the state within the sort of ruins, chaityas and stupas Andhra Pradesh is additionally referred to as the land of the world-famous diamond Koh-i-Noor and lots of other global known diamonds thanks to their presence in its Kollur Mine once. its also referred to as the "rice bowl of India" for being a serious producer of rice in India. Its official language is Telugu; one among the classical languages of India, the fourth most speech in India and therefore the 11th-most speech within the world.
Early inhabitants were referred to as the Andhras, tracing their history to the Vedic period once they were mentioned within the 8th century BCE Rigvedic text Aitareya Brahmana. consistent with the Aitareya Brahmana, the Andhras left North India from the banks of river Yamuna and migrated to South India. The Assaka Mahajanapada (700–300 BCE) was an ancient kingdom located between the Godavari and Krishna Rivers in southeastern India accounts that folks within the region are descended from the Viswamitra are found within the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and therefore the Puranas.
The region also derives its name from Satavahanas who also are referred to as Andhras, the earliest kings of Andhra Pradesh and India. Early peoples supported local art culture by building temples and sculptures of the Buddhist monuments within the state. it had been ruled by Satavahanas, Eastern Chalukyas, Andhra Ikshvakus, Vijayanagara Empire, Mauryan Empire, Cholas, Pallavas, Salankayanas, Vishnukundinas, Kakatiyas and Rashtrakutas. within the 3rd century BCE, Andhra was a vassal kingdom of Ashoka but after his death Andhra became powerful and extended its empire to the entire of Maratha country and beyond.
Andhra Pradesh comprises two major regions, namely Rayalaseema within the south-west and Coastal Andhra bordering the Bay of Bengal within the east and north-east. The state features a total of thirteen districts, nine located in Coastal Andhra and 4 in Rayalaseema. The state also features a union territory, Yanam - a neighborhood of Puducherry which lies to the south of Kakinada within the Godavari delta on the eastern side of the state. its the sole state with three capitals. the most important city and commercial hub of the state, Visakhapatnam being the chief capital while Amaravati and Kurnool function legislative and judicial capitals respectively.
The Economy of Andhra Pradesh is that the seventh-largest state economy in India with ₹9.33 trillion (US$130 billion) in gross domestic product and a better than national average per capita GDP of ₹164,000 (US$2,300). Andhra Pradesh ranks 27th among Indian states in Human Development Index (HDI). Andhra Pradesh features a jurisdiction over almost 15,000 square kilometres (5,800 sq mi) of body of water .
Andhra Pradesh hosted 121.8 million visitors in 2015, a 30% growth in tourist arrivals over the previous year, making it the third most-visited state in India. The Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati is one among the worlds most visited religious sites, with 18.25 million visitors per annum . The region is additionally home to a spread of other pilgrimage centres, like the Pancharama Kshetras, Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga and Kodanda Rama Temple. The states natural attractions include the beaches of Visakhapatnam, hill stations like the Araku Valley and Horsley Hills, and therefore the delta of Konaseema within the Godavari River delta.