Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a former veteran Indian politician, was the 10th Prime Minister of India. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born on 25 December 1924 in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh to a middle-class Brahmin family of Shri Krishna Bihari Vajpayee and Smt. Krishna Devi. Pandit Shyam Lal Vajpayee, the grandfather of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, had migrated to Gwalior from their ancestral village Bateshwar in Uttar Pradesh . His father was a faculty master and a poet. Atal Bihar Vajpayee completed his schooling from Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Gorkhi in Gwalior. He completed his graduation in Hindi, Sanskrit, and English from Victoria College in Gwalior, now referred to as Laxmi Bai College. Thereafter, he studied in DAV College, Kanpur and completed his M.A. in politics with a first-class degree.
He is fondly called ‘Baapji’ by his close relatives and friends. He remained single for his entire life and later adopted a daughter named Namita. He loves Indian music and dance. Atal Bihari Vajpayee may be a nature lover, and Manali in Himachal Pradesh is one among his favourite retreats. He retired from politics thanks to health issues and was known to be affected by dementia and diabetes. Close aides said that he did not recognise people and mostly stayed reception , apart from his check-ups that were conducted at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences. His first impact with politics occurred in August 1942 at the time of the Quit India Movement. Vajpayee and his elder brother Prem faced arrest for 23 days. He joined the Bharatiya Jana Sangh when it had been newly formed in 1951 and subsequently, he was motivated by the party leader Shri Syama Prasad Mookerjee.
Vajpayee was with Shri Syama Prasad Mookerjee when the latter observed a quick unto death in 1951 in Kashmir against the supposed inferior treatment shown towards non-Kashmiri visitors. During this strike, Shri Syama Prasad Mookerjee died in prison. Vajpayee studied law for a few time but didnt complete the course as he was more inclined towards journalism.
This selection may need been influenced by the very fact that he had been an activist in India’s freedom struggle since his student life. He served as an editor to publications like Panchjanya, a Hindi weekly; Rashtradharma, a Hindi monthly; and dailies like Veer Arjun and Swadesh. In 1951, he was one among the founders and members of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh.
In 1957, he was elected as a member of the 2nd Lok Sabha.
From 1957 to 1977, he was the Leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh within the Parliament.
In 1962, he became a member of the Rajya Sabha. From 1966 to 1967, he was the Chairman of the Committee on Government Assurances.
In 1967, he was elected as a member of the 4th Lok Sabha for the second term.
From 1967 to 1970, he remained the Chairman of the Committee on Public Accounts.
From 1968 to 1973, he served because the President of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh.
In 1971, he was elected as a member of the 5th Lok Sabha for the third term.
In 1977, he was elected as a member of the 6th Lok Sabha for the fourth term.
From 1977 to 1979, he was the Union Cabinet Minister of External Affairs.
From 1977 to 1980, he was one among the founders and members of the Janata Party.
In 1980, he was elected as a member of the 7th Lok Sabha for the fifth term.
From 1980 to 1986, he was the President of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
From 1980 to 1984, in 1986 and from 1993 to 1996, he was the Leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party within the Parliament.
In 1986, he became the member of the Rajya Sabha. He was made the member of the overall Purposes Committee. From 1988 to 1990, he remained the member of the Business Advisory Committee and therefore the House Committee.
From 1990 to 1991, he was the Chairman of the Committee on Petitions.
In 1991, he was elected as a member of the 10th Lok Sabha for the sixth term.
From 1991 to 1993, he was the Chairman of the Committee on Public Accounts.
From 1993 to 1996, he was the Chairman of the External Affairs Committee. He was also the Leader of Opposition within the Lok Sabha.
In 1996, he was elected as a member of the 11th Lok Sabha for the seventh term.
From 16 May 1996 to 31 May 1996, he served his first term because the Prime Minister of India.
From 1996 to 1997, he was the Leader of Opposition within the Lok Sabha.
From 1997 to 1998, he was the Chairman of the External Affairs Committee.
In 1998, he was elected as a member of the 12th Lok Sabha for the eighth term.
From 1998 to 1999, he served because the Prime Minister of India for the second time. He was also the External Affairs Minister and responsible of ministries and departments that werent specifically allotted to any minister.
In 1999, he was elected as a member of the 13th Lok Sabha for the ninth term.
From 13 October 1999 to 13 May 2004, he served because the Prime Minister of India for the third time. He was also responsible of the ministries and departments that werent specifically allotted to any minister.
He received the Padma Vibhushan in 1992. In 1993, Kanpur University honoured him with D.Litt. He was bestowed with the Bharat Ratna Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant Award in 1994. He received the simplest Parliamentarian Award in 1994. He was given the Lokmanya Tilak Award in 1994. He was honoured with Indias highest civilian award - the Bharat Ratna - in 2015. He was conferred Bangladeshs Liberation War Honour on 7 June 2015 by the govt of Bangladesh.