Bahujan Samaj Party Political Saga
The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) may be a national level party in India that was formed to represent Bahujans (literally means "people in majority"), pertaining to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes (OBC), along side religious minorities. consistent with Kanshi Ram, when he founded the party in 1984, the Bahujans comprised 85 percent of Indias population, but were divided into 6,000 different castes.The party claims to be inspired by the philosophy of Buddha , B. R. Ambedkar, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, Narayana Guru, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy and Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj.
Kanshi Ram named his protégée, Mayawati, as his successor in 2001. The BSP has its main base within the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh where it had been the second-largest party within the 2019 Indian election with 19.3% of votes and within the 2017 Uttar Pradesh elections with over 22% of votes. Its election symbol is an elephant. "Bahujan" may be a Pali term frequently found in Buddhist texts, and literally refers to "the many", or "the majority". It appears within the dictum "Bahujana Hitaya Bahujana Sukhaya", or "The benefit and prosperity of the many", articulated by Buddha . In his writing, B. R. Ambedkar used the term to ask the bulk of individuals in Hindu society that experienced discrimination and oppression on the idea of caste. Jotirao Phule used the term during a similar context, and compared the lower castes of India to slaves within the us .
Dalit and lower-caste writers have suggested this proportion was 85 percent of the population. Lower-caste people are sometimes collectively mentioned as "bahujan samaj", or the bulk community.The term has also been translated as "subaltern".The precise set of caste groups described as "Bahujan" has varied with context; within the state of Maharashtra, for instance , the term has often excluded Dalits. However, it always refers to non-Dvija, or twice-born, castes, and thus doesnt include Brahmins, Kshatriyas, or Vaishyas.
Its self-proclaimed ideology is "Social Transformation and Economic Emancipation" of the "Bahujan Samaj". The "Bahujan Samaj", to them, consists of the lower-caste groups in India just like the Scheduled Castes (SC), the Scheduled Tribes (ST) and therefore the Other Backward Classes (OBC). It also includes religious minorities like Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, Jains and Parsis. They see these groups as victims of the "Manuwadi" system for millennia, a system which benefited upper-caste Hindus only. B. R. Ambedkar, a champion of lower-caste rights, is a crucial ideological inspiration.
The party claims to not be prejudiced against upper-caste Hindus. In 2008, while addressing the audience, Mayawati said: "Our policies and beliefs arent against any particular caste or religion. If we were anti-upper caste, we might not have given tickets to candidates from upper castes to contest elections".Satish Chandra Mishra, a BSP senior leader, is upper caste. The party also believe egalitarianism and hold a robust emphasis on social justice. The Bahujan Samaj Party was founded on the birth anniversary of B. R. Ambedkar, 14 April 1984, by Kanshi Ram,who named former schoolteacher, Mayawati, as his successor of BSP in 2001. Lesser-known figures from the Indian Rebellion of 1857 are used as Dalit icons by the BSP, like Avantibai, Uda Devi, Mahaviri Devi, Jhalkaribai,Matadin Bhangi, Ballu Mehtar, Vira Pasi, Banke Chamar and Chetram Jatav, the scientist Badri Narayan Tiwari has noted that
Dalit intellectuals supported by BSP, which is trying to mobilize grassroot Dalits using local heroes, histories, myths and legends found a wealth of resources within the oral history of the regions of centering round the 1857 rebellion. The political strategy of the party is to inform and retell the stories of those heroes, build memorials and organize celebrations around their stories repeatedly to create a collective memory within the psyche of the people. The stories are narrated in such a fashion that the Dalits imagine the story of the making of a nation during which they played a big role.