The Bharatiya Janata Party is one among two major political parties in India, along side Indian National Congress and therefore the ruling party of the Republic of India since 2014. As of 2019, its the countrys largest party in terms of representation within the national parliament and state assemblies and is that the worlds largest party in terms of primary membership. BJP may be a right-wing party, and its policy has historically reflected Hindu nationalist positions. its close ideological and organisational links to the much older Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
The party has ideological links to Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). As of August 2016, with Amit Shah being the party President, its the most important representatives within the Parliament also as several state assemblies making it the countrys largest party in terms of representation.
Formed officially in 1980, the party has its roots with the Bharatiya Jana Sangh formed in 1951 by Shyama Prasad Mokerjee to fight the increasing political power of the Indian National Congress. The Bharatiya Jana Sangh under the guidance of RSS began to gain its foothold but the partys political importance began to decline after the death of its founder Shyama Prasad Mokerjee. He died of a attack while he was in jail. Mauli Chandra Sharma succeeded Mookerjee but he was forced out of power by the RSS activist then Upadhyay was chosen because the leader. Upadhyay remained the overall secretary of the party until 1967.
After Upadhyay, Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the president in 1968. it had been in 1968 when leaders like Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Lal Krishna Advani took hold of the party and took the party forward. The Jana Sangha won only three Lok Sabha seats within the first contested Lok Sabha elections in 1952 and had only a minor presence within the Indian politics until 1967. Legislating uniform civil code, banning cow slaughter and abolishing the special status of Jammu and Kashmir were the main agendas of the party during this era . within the 1967 Lok Sabha elections, the party gained a considerable foothold within the Hindi speaking regions in North India and formed government in various states including Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
In 1975, Gandhi government imposed Emergency on the country. Jana Sangh administered a widespread protest and lots of of its leaders were arrested. The emergency was called off in 1977 and therefore the Lok Sabha elections were held. The Jan Sangh merged with three other political organizations and this coalition was called the Janata Party. The Janata Party won the election of 1977 under the leadership of Morarji Desai. However the party collapsed in 1979 thanks to the increasing political chaos.
In 1980 Bharatiya Janata Party was formed including the members of the Janata Party also because the RSS. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the primary president of the BJP. The election symbol of the BJP from beginning and as approved by the committee of India has been the Lotus. The Lotus is that the national flower of India and therefore the BJP chose this symbol to represent that BJP is adherent to the cultural values of India. BJP won only two seats within the 1984 Lok Sabha elections. Advani was appointed because the president of the party in 1984 and under his leadership the movement of Ram Janmabhoomi began.
The Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) within the early 80s started the campaign for the development of Ram temple at the location of Babri Mosque in Ayodhya. The VHP made the agitation that the mosque had been constructed by the Mughal emperor Babur in 1527 after demolishing the Rama temple . The BJP supported this campaign and also included this as a crucial a part of the election campaign. This led to BJP winning 86 seats in 1989 which made them a crucial support of the V.P. Singhs National Front Government. In September 1990, Advani began his Rath Yatra to Ayodhya to support the Ram Temple Movement. an outsized number of kar sevaks supported Advani and commenced to succeed in Ayodhya.
The then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh , Mulayam Singh Yadav ordered to detain the kar sevaks before they reach Ayodhya. Approximately 1,50,000 of the kar sevaks were detained yet many of them reached Ayodhya and a few attacked the mosque. This led to fight with the paramilitary forces and resulted within the death of several kar sevaks. This led to riots in Uttar Pradesh . Soon after this, the BJP withdrew its support to the V.P. Singh Government and within the next general elections the seats of BJP rose to 120 seats within the Uttar Pradesh Assembly.BJP first came in power in 1996 but the govt didnt survive long leading to midterm polls which were held in 1998.
The BJP contested the election by leading a coalition named National Democratic Alliance (NDA) which consisted of parties like Samata party, Shiromani Akali Dal, Shiv Sena and every one India Anna Dravida Munetra Kazhagam (AIADMK). The NDA got a majority with the surface support from Telugu Desam Party (TDP). However, AIADMK withdrew its support and therefore the coalition ruptured in May 1999 resulting to a fresh general elections. On October 13th 1999, the NDA without AIADMK won 303 seats and formed their government. BJP got their highest tally of 183 seats and Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister. This NDA government lasted for five years. The 2004 elections were called six months ahead by Vajpayee with the slogan of "India Shining". However NDA government suffered an unexpected defeat and NDA coalition was ready to get only 186 seats as compared to the 222 seats won by congress and its allies.