The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI (M)) may be a communist party in India.It is one among the national parties of India.
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The party emerged from a split from the Communist Party of India in 1964. The CPI(M) was formed in Calcutta from 31 October to 7 November 1964. As of 2020, CPI(M) is leading the government in Kerala and has representation within the following Legislative assemblies within the states of West Bengal , Tripura, Rajasthan, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha and Maharashtra.The Politburo is that the supreme organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist).However, in between two party congresses, the Central Committee is that the highest deciding body. The Communist Party of India (Marxist) emerged from a division within the Communist Party of India (CPI), which was formed on 26 December 1925.The CPI had experienced a period of upsurge during the years following the Second war . The CPI led armed rebellions in Telangana, Tripura, and Kerala. However, it soon abandoned the strategy of armed revolution in favor of working within the parliamentary framework. In 1950, B. T. Ranadive, the CPI general secretary and a prominent representative of the novel sector inside the party, was demoted on grounds of left-adventurism. Under the govt of the Indian National Congress party of Nehru , independent India developed close relations and a strategic partnership with the Soviet Union . The Soviet government consequently wished that the Indian communists moderate their criticism towards the Indian state and assume a supportive role towards the Congress governments. However, large sections of the CPI claimed that India remained a semi-feudal country which class war couldnt be placed on the back-burner for the sake of guarding the interests of Soviet trade and policy . Moreover, the Indian National Congress seemed to be generally hostile towards political competition. In 1959 the central government intervened to impose Presidents rule out Kerala, toppling the E.M.S. Namboodiripad cabinet.