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Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Profile Picture
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Political Party (Political)


The Jammu & Kashmir National Conference (JKNC) may be a regional party within the Indian union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. Founded because the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference by Sheikh Abdullah and Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas in 1932 within the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, the organisation renamed itself to "National Conference" in 1939 so as to represent all the people of the state. It supported the accession of the princely state to India in 1947. before that, in 1941, a gaggle led by Ghulam Abbas broke faraway from the National Conference and revived the old Muslim Conference. The revived Muslim Conference supported the accession of the princely state to Pakistan and led the movement for Azad Kashmir.

Since 1947, the National Conference was in power in Jammu and Kashmir in one form or another till 2002, and again between 2009–2015. It implemented land reforms within the state, ensured the states autonomy under the Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, and formulated a separate Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir in 1957. Sheikh Abdullahs son Farooq Abdullah (1981–2002, 2009–present) and grandson Omar Abdullah (2002–2009) have led the party after Sheikh Abdullahs death.


In October 1932, Sheikh Abdullah founded the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference together with Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah and Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas. On 11 June 1939 it had been renamed because the All Jammu and Kashmir National Conference. The National Conference was affiliated to the All India States Peoples Conference. Sheikh Abdullah was elected its president in 1947. In 1946, the National Conference launched an intensive agitation against the government it had been directed against the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, Hari Singh. The slogan of the agitation was "Quit Kashmir".

In the elections held in September 1951, National Conference won all 75 seats of the Constituent assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. Sheikh Abdullah remained prime minister until his dismissal in August 1953 on the grounds of conspiracy against the state of India. Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad became prime minister of the state, and Sheikh Abdullah was arrested on 9 August 1953.

In 1965 the National Conference merged with the Indian National Congress (INC) and have become the Jammu and Kashmir branch of the Indian National Congress. Sheikh Abdullah was again arrested in 1965 until 1968 for conspiracy against the state. Sheikh Abdullahs splinter Plebiscite Front faction later appropriated the name of the first party when Abdullah was allowed to return to power in February 1975 after striking a affect the central government. In 1977, the National Conference he led won the state assembly elections, and Sheikh Abdullah became chief minister. His son Farooq Abdullah succeeded him because the chief minister on his death on 8 September 1982. In June 1983 elections, the JKNC, led by Farooq Abdullah, again won a cushty majority.

In July 1984 Farooqs brother-in-law Ghulam Mohammad Shah split the party. working on the behest of the central government, the Governor dismissed Farooq as chief minister and replaced him with Ghulam Mohammad Shah. His government was dismissed in March 1986 and Presidential rule was imposed. within the contested state assembly elections of 1887, the JKNC formed an alliance with the INC, and was declared to possess won a majority. Farooq Abdullah again became chief minister and on Abdullahs watch an insurgency against the government and India began. Abdullah was dismissed again in 1990 by the Union Government and Presidential rule was imposed within the state. In 1991 the state elections were cancelled thanks to a revolt by the people.