Janata Dal (United) abbreviated as JD(U) may be a centre-left Indian party with political presence mainly in eastern and north-eastern India. JD(U) is recognised as a state party within the states of Bihar and Arunachal Pradesh and may be a a part of government in Bihar. JD(U) heads the govt in Bihar and is that the second largest party in Arunanchal Pradesh. JD(U) won 16 seats within the 2019 Indian election , making it the seventh largest party within the Lok Sabha. The party operates on the ideologies of socialism, secularism and integral humanism. The Janata Dal (United) was formed with the merger of the Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, the Lok Shakti Party and therefore the Samta Party on 30 October 2003. Janata Dal (United)s party mentor and patron is that the veteran socialist leader George Fernandes. JD(U) has been a neighborhood of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) since its formation except from June 2013 to August 2017. The JD(U) along side its alliance partner, the BJP defeated the RJD-led UPA government in Bihar in November 2005. The alliance contested Indian election , 2009 and won 32 seats. BJP won 12 while JD(U) won 20. During Bihar legislature election, 2010, JD(U) won 115 and BJP won 91 seats. Janata Dal (United) broke its 17 years old alliance with the Bharatiya Janata Party in Bihar in protest against the elevation of Narendra Modi as a head of election campaign committee of BJP for Indian election , 2014. On Pan American Day , 2015, the JD(U), Janata Dal (Secular), Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Indian National Lok Dal, Samajwadi Party, Congress and Samajwadi Janata Party merged together into a replacement national Janata Parivar alliance so as to oppose the BJP in Bihar elections. within the Bihar legislature election, 2015, JD(U) contested the election in an alliance with the RJD and Congress, winning 178 seats out the 243 seats within the assembly. Subsequently, Nitish Kumar again became the chief minister of Bihar and RJD leader Tejashwi Yadav, son of Lalu Prasad Yadav, became the deputy chief minister. In July 2017, JDU split with its grand alliance ally RJD following a standoff between JDU leader and Bihar CM Nitish Kumar and RJD leader Lalu Prasad Yadav. On July 26, Nitish Kumar resigned as chief minister. Reacting quickly to the event , Bharatiya Janata Party offered unconditional support to Kumar for forming a government without the RJD and Congress. Next day, on July 27, 2017, Kumar sworn-in as chief minister of Bihar for the sixth time and BJPs Sushil Modi because the deputy chief minister.