Rashtriya Lok Dal (abbreviated as RLD) (translation: National Peoples Party) is a political party in India. Chaudhary Ajit Singh is the founder and the president of the party. He is carrying on the political legacy of his father and former Prime Minister of India, Chaudhary Charan Singh and the original Lok Dal.
In 2002, party had two cabinet ministers in chief minister Ms. Mayawatis cabinet. From 2003 to 2007, the party had six ministers in the Uttar Pradesh government. The partys official electoral symbol is a hand pump.
In 2004 Lok Sabha elections, RLD contested in alliance with the Samajwadi Party. RLD contested only in the western part of Uttar Pradesh, where they won three seats.
In 2009 Lok Sabha elections, RLD contested on seven seats on western Uttar Pradesh, in an alliance with the Bhartiya Janta Party, and won five seats.
On 12 December 2011, RLD joined the United Progressive Alliance led by Indian National Congress. The party contested on eight constituencies in Uttar Pradesh in 2014 Indian general election as per an arrangement with UPA but lost on all of them. Party chief Ajit Singh who was six term holder from Baghpat seat, lost to BJP candidate Satya Pal Singh. His son Jayant Chaudhary, the incumbent MP from Mathura, lost to BJP candidate Hema Malini too.
In January 2015 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council elections, RLD supported Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) candidates.
In 2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, it could win only one seat. Later, its lone MLA is expelled from the party.
In 2018 Rajasthan Legislative Assembly election the RLD won one seat from Bharatpur Legislative Assembly Constituency. The Party candidate Dr. Subhash Garg won by beating BJP candidate by a margin of over 15500 votes.
In 2019, RLD joined the Grand Alliance made by BSP and SP in Uttar Pradesh for the General Elections 2019. As per the seat-sharing arrangement, RLD got 3 seats viz. Baghpat, Mathura and Muzaffarnagar but lost all of these. Sanjiv baliyan defeated Ajit Singh from m.nagar constituency and Satyapal Singh defeated Jayant Choudhary from baghpat constituency while actress Hema Malini defeated kunwar Singh from Mathura constituency. So loss of all seats.