Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) may be a party in India. The party was founded on 19 March 1940 and has its roots within the Bengali liberation movement Anushilan Samiti and therefore the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army. The party got around 0.4% of the votes and three seats within the Lok Sabha elections in 1999 and 2004. its a part of the Left Front (Tripura) and Congress-led United Democratic Front (Kerala) A major section of the Anushilan movement had been interested in Marxism during the 1930s, many of them studying Marxist–Leninist literature whilst serving long jail sentences. A minority section broke faraway from the Anushilan movement and joined the Communist Consolidation, and later the Communist Party of India. the bulk of the Anushilan Marxists did however, whilst having adopted Marxist–Leninist thinking, feel hesitant over joining the Communist Party . The Anushilanites distrusted the political lines formulated by the Communist International. They criticised the road adopted at the 6th Comintern congress of 1928 as ultra-left sectarian. The Colonial theses of the 6th Comintern congress called upon the communists to combat the national-reformist leaders and to unmask the national reformism of the Indian National Congress and oppose all phrases of the Swarajists, Gandhists, etc. about passive resistance.
Moreover, when Indian left-wing elements formed the Congress Socialist Party in 1934, the CPI branded it as Social Fascist. When the Comintern policy swung towards Popular Frontism at its 1935 congress, at the time by which the bulk of the Anushilan movement were adopting a Marxist–Leninist approach, the Anushilan Marxists questioned this shift as a betrayal of the internationalist character of the Comintern and felt that the International had been reduced to workplace of Soviet policy . Moreover, the Anushilan Marxists opposed the notion of Socialism in One Country. However, although sharing some critiques against the leadership of Stalin and therefore the Comintern, the Anushilan Marxists didnt embrace Trotskyism. Buddhadeva Bhattacharya writes in Origins of the RSP that the "rejection of Stalinism didnt automatically mean for them [the Anushlian Samiti] acceptance of Trotskyism.
Incidentally, the leninist conception of international socialist revolution is different from Trotskys theory of Permanent Revolution which deduces the need of world revolution primarily from the impossibility of the numerically inferior proletariat during a semi-feudal and semi-capitalist peasant country like Russia holding power for any length of your time and successfully undertaking the task of socialist construction in hand without the proletariat of the advanced countries outside the Soviet Union coming to power through an extension of sociaist revolution in these countries and coming to the help of the proletariat of the U.S.S.R." Anushilan Marxists adhered to the Marxist–Leninist theory of Permanent or Continuous Revolution. ...it is our interest and task to form the revolution permanent declared Marx as early as 1850 in course of his famous address to the Communist League, until all more or less possessing classes are forced out of their position of dominance, the proletariat has conquered state power, and therefore the association of proletarians, not only in one country but altogether dominant countries of the planet , has advanced thus far that competition among the proletarians of those countries has ceased which a minimum of the decisive productive forces are concentrated within the hands of the proletarians."
By the close of 1936 the Anushilan Marxists at the Deoli Detention Jail in Rajputana drafted a document formulating their political line. This document was then distributed amongst the Anushilan Marxists at other jails throughout the country. once they were collectively released in 1938 the Anushilan Marxists adopted this document, The Thesis and Platform of Action of the Revolutionary Socialist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist): What Revolutionary Socialism Stands for, as their political programme in September that year. At now the Anushilan Marxists, recently released from long jail sentences, stood at a cross-roads. Either they might continue as a separate political entity or they might join an existing platform . They felt that they lacked the resources to create a separate party . Joining the CPI was out of the question, thanks to sharp differences in political analysis. Neither could they reconcile their differences with the Royists. within the end, the Congress Socialist Party , seemed to be the only platform acceptable for the Anushilan Marxists. The CSP had adopted Marxism in 1936 and their third conference in Faizpur that they had formulated a thesis that directed the party to figure to rework the Indian National Congress into an anti-imperialist front. During the summer of 1938 a gathering happened between Jayaprakash Narayan (leader of CSP), Jogesh Chandra Chatterji, Tridib Chaudhuri and Keshav Prasad Sharma. The Anushilan Marxists then discussed the difficulty with Acharya Narendra Deva. The Anushilan Marxists decided to hitch CSP, but keeping a separate identity within the party. The Left Consolidation Committee soon fell into pieces, because the CPI, the CSP and therefore the Royists deserted it. Bose assembled the Anti-Compromise Conference in Ramgarh, Bihar, now Jharkhand. The Forward Bloc, the Anushilan Marxists (still members of the CSP at the time), the Labour Party and therefore the Kisan Sabha attended the conference. The conference spelled out that no compromise towards the Britain should be made on behalf of the Indian independence movement. At that conference the Anushilan Marxists assembled to launch their own party, the Revolutionary Socialist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) severing all links to the CSP. the primary general secretary of the party was Jogesh Chandra Chatterji. The first War Thesis of RSP in 1940 took the involved "turning imperialist war into civil war". But after the attack by Germany on the Soviet Union , the road of the party was clarified. RSP meant that the socialist Soviet Union had to be defended, but that the simplest way for Indian revolutionaries to try to to that was to overthrow the colonial rule out their own country. RSP was in sharp opposition to groups like Communist Party of India and therefore the Royist RDP, who meant that antifascists had to support the Allied war effort.