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Shiv Sena
Political Party (Political)
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Shiv Sena was allegedly formed in 1966 by Bal Thackeray, in Mumbai  India. Ever since, Shiv Sena has been actively promoting its ideology in Maharashtra and other states in India. The members and followers are allegedly considered to be staunch Hindu extremists. Experts consider Shiv Sena to be extremely conservative and anti-Muslim. Bal Thackeray is usually referred as a controversial and militant leader. The party is active on the political front and reportedly features a huge presence and following in Mumbai. the utilization faction of Shiv Sena is understood as Shiv Udyog Sena. Bharatiya Kamgar Sena (Indian Workers Army), a union supporting mostly lower-income worker class communities, is allegedly affiliated to the Shiv Sena. The youth wing of Shiv Sena is understood because the Bharatiya Vidyarthi Sena Foundation Shiv Sena was formed in June 1966 by Bal Thackeray, allegedly to guard the interest of the native youths in Maharashtra. consistent with reports, Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra, was getting crowded, especially due to ethnic immigrants getting into the town the first focus of the Shiv Sena was allegedly to motivate the Marathi (native of Maharashtra) youths to drive out non-Marathis from their city and state. This campaign was especially targeted towards the South Indians, Gujaratis (natives to the western Indian state of Gujarat), and Muslims from Mumbai. Soon after it had been formed, the organization ventured into politics and commenced their drive to reform the town . Several of Shiv Sena members held prominent positions within the Mumbai Municipal Corporation. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, Shiv Sena allied with the Bhartiya Janta Party, a national party that, as of 2005, has been a part of the central government of India a couple of times and featured prominently within the State Assembly polls, which are held to elect the government . Shiv Sena was in favor of building the Hindu Temple at the controversial Babri Mosque site within the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . Members of Shiv Sena and other Hindu fundamentalist groups claim that the mosque was made at the birth site of Lord Ram, a revered Hindu god. In 1989, the inspiration stone for the temple was laid, which caused anti-Hindu riots even in neighboring Bangladesh and Pakistan. The party followed the proceedings of the controversy carefully and propagated Hindutva (Hindu fundamentalism) throughout the state of Maharashtra, allegedly with the support of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (World Hindu Council), and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (National Volunteers Association). Over the years, the party has allegedly developed into a Hindu fundamentalist party with staunch anti-Muslim beliefs. On December 6, 1992, the Babri Mosque was demolished allegedly by Hindutva-driven volunteers. This led to a series of riots across the country, especially in Mumbai where the riots lasted for 2 months. quite 800 people reportedly died in Mumbai alone. Several human rights groups claim that the anti-Muslim riots in Mumbai were incited by Bal Thackeray and his Shiv Sena party. In February 1998, Justice B.N. Srikrishna (a former judge of the Supreme Court of India) submitted a report that investigated the communal riots in Mumbai to the government of Maharashtra. The report implicated the hand of Bal Thackeray and Shiv Sainiks (the members of Shiv Sena) in intensifying the riots. In retaliation, Shiv Sena claimed that the report was biased which that they had no agenda within the Mumbai riots. According to media reports, there have been several campaigns administered by the opposition parties and human rights groups supporting the prosecution of the offenders. The ruling BJP-Shiv Sena party allegedly refused to simply accept the advice of the report and labeled the report "anti-Hindu." That said, within the 1990s, political experts also attribute variety of economic growth-oriented developments to the Shiv Sena. During the reign of the BJP-Shiv Sena government (in Maharashtra), there have been several reforms made by the party. This included completion of the Mumbai-Pune expressway that bridged the gap between the 2 most prominent cities of Maharashtra, construction of several flyovers in Mumbai to ease the traffic jam problems within the city, improved water and irrigation supply in several urban and rural areas of Maharashtra, also as providing a secure haven for the elderly. The coalition, however, didnt win the 2004 state elections and, as of 2005, is that the opposition party within the state. Ideology of the Party Shiv Sena may be a right-wing party with staunch Hindu fundamentalist beliefs. Soon after the formation of the party, its members allegedly fought for the rights of Marathi youths of Maharashtra by campaigning extensively against immigrants from other areas of India. The party reportedly gave an ultimatum to South Indians working in Mumbai to maneuver out of the town or face the results an equivalent stance was then applied against Gujaratis and Muslims. In their bid to chase away immigrants, the party allegedly ran several violent campaigns to terrorize non-Marathi individuals. there have been also reports of attacks by Shiv Sena members on trade unions that supported the rights of non-Marathis. However, during the 1970s, the party shifted its focus to Hindu fundamentalism. consistent with the Bureau of the Census of India, about 80% of the population of India follows Hinduism (since the first 1970s). Political experts claim that several political parties and non secular organizations, including Shiv Sena, support Hindutva (Hindu nationalism). In May 1970, Hindu-Muslim riots erupted within the Bhiwandi-Jalgaon area of Maharashtra that reportedly claimed the lives of quite 250 people. Several monitor groups indicate that Shiv Sena played a serious role in intensifying the riots as a part of their strategy to market Hindu fundamentalism. Later in 1984, Shiv Sena reportedly organized a Hindu congregation rally in Mumbai during which Bal Thackeray made derogatory remarks about Islam, subsequently provoking the Muslims. Media reports have claimed time and again that Shiv Sena receives unabashed support from specific members of the local law authorities that permit the party perform its operations. In 1989, Shiv Sena started publishing a Marathi daily, Saamna (Confrontation), that acted as a mouthpiece of the party and featured provocative pro-Hindu editorials by Bal Thackeray. Experts claim that the party also started a student cell and a workers union cell to expand its influence. The December 1992 Babri Mosque demolition in Ayodhya was applauded by Shiv Sena leader Bal Thackeray. His heated speeches reportedly played a serious role in provoking the communal riots in Mumbai that claimed the lives of quite 800 people. An inquiry into the 1992–1993 riots in Mumbai pinpointed the involvement of Shiv Sena leader, Bal Thackeray, and therefore the then-Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Manohar Joshi, thought by many to be a fanatical Shiv Sena supporter. The report stated that Shiv Sena deliberately and systematically planned the riots and therefore the subsequent chaos within the city. The then-ruling BJP-Shiv Sena coalition government within the state of Maharashtra disregarded the inquiry report by calling it biased. Apart from various Hindu fundamentalist activities, the Shiv Sena also continued its campaign against immigrants. In 1995, the Maharashtra government that was led by the BJP-Shiv Sena coalition proposed renaming the town of Bombay as Mumbai, as they claimed that the name Bombay was a "corruption" of the first name. In its drive against non-Marathis and Muslims, changing the official name of the town of Bombay allegedly was subsequent step in asserting that the Shiv Sena decided in its resolve.