Brief History of Antigua and Barbuda : Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign island country within the West Indies within the Americas, lying between the Caribbean and therefore the Atlantic . It consists of two major islands, Antigua and Barbuda separated by 63 km (39 mi), and smaller islands (including Great Bird, Green, Guiana, Long, Maiden, Prickly Pear, York Islands, Redonda).
The permanent population number is about 97,120 (2019 est.), with 97% being resident on Antigua. The capital and largest port and city is St. Johns on Antigua, with Codrington being the most important town on Barbuda. Lying near one another , Antigua and Barbuda are within the middle of the Leeward Islands , a part of the Lesser Antilles , roughly at 17°N of the equator.
The island of Antigua was explored by Columbus in 1493 and named for the Church of Santa María La Antigua.Antigua was colonized by Britain in 1632; Barbuda island was first colonised in 1678. Having been a part of the Federal Colony of the Leeward Islands from 1871, Antigua and Barbuda joined the West Indies Federation in 1958. With the breakup of the federation, it became one among the West Indies Associated States in 1967.Following self-governance in its internal affairs, independence was granted from the uk on 1 November 1981. Antigua and Barbuda may be a member of the Commonwealth and Elizabeth is that the countrys queen and head of state.
The economy of Antigua and Barbuda is especially hooked in to tourism, which accounts for 80% of GDP. Like other island nations, Antigua and Barbuda are particularly susceptible to the consequences of global climate change , like water level rise, and increased intensity of utmost weather like hurricanes, which have direct impacts on the island through coastal erosion, water scarcity, and other challenges.
Antigua and Barbuda both are generally low-lying islands whose terrain has been influenced more by limestone formations than volcanic activity. the very best point on Antigua and Barbuda is Boggy Peak, located in southwestern Antigua, which is that the remnant of a crater rising 402 metres (1,319 feet).
The shorelines of both islands are greatly indented with beaches, lagoons, and natural harbors. The islands are rimmed by reefs and shoals. There are few streams as rainfall is slight. Both islands lack adequate amounts of fresh groundwater.About 40 km (25 mi) south-west of Antigua lies the tiny , rocky island of Redonda, which is uninhabited.
Rainfall averages 990 mm (39 in) per annum , with the quantity varying widely from season to season. generally the wettest period is between September and November. The islands generally experience low humidity and recurrent droughts. Temperatures average 27 °C (80.6 °F), with a variety from 23 °C (73.4 °F) to 29 °C (84.2 °F) within the winter to from 25 °C (77.0 °F) to 30 °C (86.0 °F) within the summer and autumn. the good period is between December and February.
Hurricanes strike on a mean of once a year, including the powerful Category 5 Hurricane Irma, on 6 September 2017, which damaged 95% of the structures on Barbuda. Some 1,800 people were evacuated to Antigua.
An estimate published by Time indicated that over $100 million would be required to rebuild homes and infrastructure. Philmore Mullin, Director of Barbudas National Office of Disaster Services, said that "all critical infrastructure and utilities are non-existent – food supply, medicine, shelter, electricity, water, communications, waste management". He summarised things as follows: "Public utilities got to be rebuilt in their entirety... its optimistic to think anything are often rebuilt in six months ... In my 25 years in disaster management, I even have never seen something like this.
The politics of Antigua and Barbuda happen within a framework of a unitary, parliamentary, representative democratic monarchy, during which the top of State is that the monarch who appoints the Governor-General as vice-regal representative.Elizabeth II is that the present Queen of Antigua and Barbuda, having served therein position since the islands independence from the uk in 1981. The Queen is currently represented by Governor-General Sir Rodney Williams. A council of ministers is appointed by the governor on the recommendation of the prime minister, currently Gaston Browne (2014–). The prime minister is that the head of state .
Executive power is exercised by the govt while legislative power is vested in both the govt and therefore the two Chambers of Parliament. The bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (17 members appointed by members of the govt and therefore the opposition party, and approved by the Governor-General), and therefore the House of Representatives (17 members elected by first past the post) to serve five-year terms.
Tourism dominates the economy, accounting for quite half the gross domestic product (GDP). Antigua is legendary for its many luxury resorts as an ultra-high end travel destination. Weakened tourist activity within the lower and middle market segments since early 2000 has slowed the economy, however, and squeezed the govt into a decent fiscal corner.
Investment banking and financial services also structure a crucial a part of the economy. Major world banks with offices in Antigua include the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) and Scotiabank. Financial-services corporations with offices in Antigua include PriceWaterhouseCoopers. The US Securities and Exchange Commission has accused the Antigua-based Stanford International Bank, owned by Texas billionaire Allen Stanford, of orchestrating an enormous fraud which can have bilked investors of some $8 billion.
The twin-island nations agricultural production is concentrated on its domestic market and constrained by a limited water system and a labour shortage stemming from the lure of upper wages in tourism and construction work.
Manufacturing is formed from enclave-type assembly for export, the main products being bedding, handicrafts and electronic components. Prospects for economic process within the medium term will still depend upon income growth within the industrialised world, especially within the us , from which about one-third of all tourists come.
Access to biocapacity is less than world average. In 2016, Antigua and Barbuda had 0.8 global hectares of biocapacity per person within its territory, much but the planet average of 1.6 global hectares per person. In 2016 Antigua and Barbuda used 4.3 global hectares of biocapacity per person - their ecological footprint of consumption. this suggests they use more biocapacity than Antigua and Barbuda contains. As a result, Antigua and Barbuda are running a biocapacity deficit.