Arkansas, the constituent state of the us . Arkansas ranks 29th out of fifty states in total area, but is that the smallest state west of the Mississippi , apart from Louisiana and Hawaii. Its neighbors are Missouri to the north, Tennessee and Mississippi to the east, Louisiana to the south, Texas to the southwest, and Oklahoma to the west. The name Arkansas was employed by early French explorers to ask the Kwapa people - a serious indigenous group within the region - and along the river along which they settled. The term was likely a corruption of Acacia, a term applied to Quapaw by another local indigenous community, Illinois. Little Rock , the capital , is found within the central a part of the state.The landscape of Arkansas may be a diverse one. The Ozark and Ouichita mountains to the north and west are in contrast to the rich, flat, riverine agricultural lands of the east. Nearly all of the states rivers be due northwest to southeast and drain into the Mississippi via the Arkansas and Red Rivers, forming the main eastern boundary.
The cultural and economic context of Arkansas has changed since the 1970s, as rapid economic and concrete development in selected areas has resulted in increased increase and variety . With improvements in transportation and greater integration of the states economy with national and global economic systems — especially within the 1980s and 90s under the presidency of the governorship and US natives us |United States President|President|Chief Executive"> Clinton — migrants south to Arkansas Received an influx of Although most came from other regions of the United States, many migrated from overseas, particularly from various countries in Asia, and, growingly, from Mexico. Most immigrants settled in urban areas, particularly in Little Rock , Fort Smith , and other cities within the Arkansas Valley.
A line drawn from the southeastern corner of the Arkansas map to the northeast corner approximates the divide between the highlands to the west and north and therefore the lowlands to the south and east. The highlands are divided into two physical regions by the Arkansas Valley: the Ozarks to the north and Ouachita Province to the south. The Terai regions include the Mississippi alluvial plain to the east and therefore the refore the Western Gulf land to the south and the extreme southwest.
The Western Gulf extends from the Oachita Mountains southward to the Gulf of Mexico, rolling slowly, along the land . its full of sea sand and dirt and covers rich loams in some areas. The alluvial plain of the Mississippi is nearly within the eastern a part of the state and is characterized by bas relief and poor drainage. The landscape is dominated by Mississippis tributaries - notably the Arkansas, White, and St. Francis rivers, also as by the east channels of the Mississippi system. A long, narrow ridge, Crowleys Ridge, extends about 200 miles (320 km) from southern Missouri into the northern a part of the alluvial plain. The ridge may be a dissected land composed mainly of river sand and gravel which is roofed by windblown silt.
The climate of Arkansas is usually mild in winter and warm in summer. In Little Rock in January, temperatures typically range from a coffee of about 30 ° F (-1 ° C) to about 50 ° F (10 ° C) daily; In July, daily low temperatures normally occur within the low 70s (low 20s C), and high temperatures within the 90 ° F (low 30s C). However, temperature varies with elevation and latitude.
Arkansas typically receives about 50 inches (1,270 mm) of precipitation annually and is distributed almost evenly throughout the year. October, however, dries up somewhat compared to other months. The warmest regions are within the Ouichita Mountains and within the southeastern a part of the state; The Northwest has the driest region within the Ozarks.
The Arkansas economy has long been on the brink of the states natural resources, although this relationship has weakened considerably because the state has diversified its economy. Fertile soil and timber were resources that attracted early settlers. Later, gas and bromide salts were found in oil fields in southern Arkansas, while coal of just about smokeless quality also as gas was extracted from the Arkansas Valley.
Arkansas has one among the countrys commercially exploited supplies of bauxite, which is employed to form aluminum. Since the top of the 20th century, however, most aluminum companies have ceased their Arkansas operations, and mining of bauxite has ceased in response to changing domestic and world markets. alittle valley in Magnet Cove, near Hot Springs in west-central Arkansas, has dozens of minerals, of which barite and titanium are the foremost important. The Arkansas Wheatstones, made from novaculite, is taken into account one among the simplest within the world. Near Murfreesboro, southwestern Arkansas, is that the crater of Diamonds State Park, the sole active diamond mine within the country.
The increasing interconnectedness and globalization of the worlds economy, especially since the mid-20th century, has had a dramatic impact on the economy of Arkansas. King Cotton has been put aside , farming has become an increasingly corporate enterprise, and agriculture has lost its status because the mainstay of the economy. Several other historic building blocks of the Arkansas economy have also declined, if not disappeared, while new economic activity, particularly within the service sector, has risen in its place. By the first 21st century, a diversified service sector had become the most important segment of the economy.
Facilitating this economic shift has been the network of paved highways and interstate roads that end the secession of the Ozarks and therefore the Ouachitas, ultimately allowing the establishment of industries that serve national and international markets. the planet Wide Web has allowed some Arkansas firms to beat earlier state segregation and become businesses of international importance.
Adopted in 1874, the Arkansas Constitution has been amended quite 80 times. just like the Constitution of the us , Arkansas provides for the chief , legislative, and judicial branches of state . The governor, who is elected to a four-year term because the chief executive of the state, has the proper to summon and act during a session to the bicameral legislature - the overall Assembly. However, a non-legislative veto are often overridden by an easy majority choose each house of the legislature.The General Assembly consists of the Senate, which consists of 35 members, who serve four years, and therefore the House of Representatives consists of 100 members, who serve two years.
Senators are limited to 2 words, and within the Office of Representatives are limited to 3 words. The states judiciary consists of the Supreme Court, which has seven popularly elected members who serve eight years; court of Appeal; And lower circuit, district and city courts.Locally, Arkansas is split into some 75 counties and a number of other hundred municipalities. At the county level, elected officials include the county judge (chief executive), clerk, treasurer, sheriff, collector, evaluator, and coroner. Most cities function the mayor-council of state , although some have a council-manager system.