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Brief History of Armenia : Armenia is a landlocked country within the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located in Western Asia, on the Armenian Highlands, its bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the Lachin corridor under a Russian peacekeeping force and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijans exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.

Armenia may be a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage. Urartu was established in 860 BC, and by the 6th century BC it had been replaced by the Satrapy of Armenia. the dominion of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the good within the 1st century BC and have become the primary state within the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion within the late 3rd or early 4th century AD. The official date of state adoption of Christianity is 301. the traditional Armenian kingdom was split between the Byzantine and Sasanian Empires round the early 5th century. Under the Bagratuni dynasty, the Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia was restored within the 9th century. Declining thanks to the wars against the Byzantines, the dominion fell in 1045 and Armenia was soon after invaded by the Seljuk Turks. An Armenian principality and later a kingdom Cilician Armenia was located on the coast of the Mediterranean between the 11th and 14th centuries.

Between the 16th and 19th centuries, the normal Armenian homeland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia came under the rule of the Ottoman and Persian empires, repeatedly ruled by either of the 2 over the centuries. By the 19th century, Eastern Armenia had been conquered by the Russian Empire, while most of the western parts of the normal Armenian homeland remained under Ottoman rule. During war I, 1.5 million Armenians living within the ir ancestral lands within the Ottoman Empire were systematically exterminated in the Armenian Genocide. In 1918, following the Russian Revolution, all non-Russian countries declared their independence after the Russian Empire ceased to exist, resulting in the establishment of the primary Republic of Armenia. By 1920, the state was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, and in 1922 became a founding member of the Soviet Union . In 1936, the Transcaucasian state was dissolved, transforming its constituent states, including the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, into full Union republics. the fashionable Republic of Armenia became independent in 1991 during the dissolution of the Soviet Union .

Armenia may be a developing country and ranks 81st on the Human Development Index (2018). Its economy is based on industrial output and mineral processing . While Armenia is geographically located within the South Caucasus, its generally considered geopolitically European. Since Armenia aligns itself in many respects geopolitically with Europe, the country may be a member of various European organizations including the Council of Europe, the Eastern Partnership, Eurocontrol, the Assembly of European Regions, and therefore the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Armenia is additionally a member of certain regional groups throughout Eurasia, including the Asian Development Bank, the peace Treaty Organization, the Eurasian Union, and therefore the Eurasian Development Bank. Armenia supports the de facto independent Artsakh, which was proclaimed in 1991. Armenia also recognises the Armenian Apostolic Church, the worlds oldest National church, because the countrys primary religious establishment.The unique Armenian was created by Mesrop Mashtots in 405 AD.

Geography

Armenia may be a landlocked country within the geopolitical Transcaucasus (South Caucasus) region, thats located within the Southern Caucasus and their lowlands between the Black Sea and Caspian , and northeast of the Armenian Highlands. Located in Western Asia, on the Armenian Highlands, its bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the Lachin corridor which may be a a part of Lachin District thats under the control of a Russian peacekeeping force and Azerbaijan proper to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijans exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.[18] Armenia lies between latitudes 38° and 42° N, and meridians 43° and 47° E. It contains two terrestrial ecoregions: Caucasus mixed forests and Eastern Anatolian montane steppe.

Climate

The climate in Armenia is markedly highland continental. Summers are hot, dry and sunny, lasting from June to mid-September. The temperature fluctuates between 22 and 36 °C (72 and 97 °F). However, the low humidity level mitigates the effect of high temperatures. Evening breezes blowing down the mountains provide a welcome refreshing and cooling effect. Springs are short, while autumns are long. Autumns are known for his or her vibrant and vibrant foliage.

Government and politics

Armenia may be a representative parliamentary democratic republic. The Armenian constitution adhered to the model of a semi-presidential republic until April 2018.

According to the present Constitution of Armenia, the President is that the head of state holding largely representational functions, while the Prime Minister is that the head of state and exercises executive power.

Legislative power is vested within the Azgayin Zhoghov or National Assembly, which may be a unicameral parliament.

Fragile states index since its first report in 2006 until most up-to-date in 2019 consistently ranked Armenia better than all its neighboring countries (with one exception in 2011).Armenia has universal suffrage above the age of eighteen.