Assam may be a state in northeastern India known for its wildlife, archeological sites and tea plantations. within the west, Guwahati, Assam’s largest city, features silk bazaars and therefore the hilltop Kamakhya Temple. Umananda Temple sits on Peacock Island within the Brahmaputra . The capital , Dispur, may be a suburb of Guwahati. the traditional pilgrimage site of Hajo and Madan Kamdev, the ruins of a temple complex, lie nearby.
Assam is understood for Assam tea and Assam silk. The state was the primary site for oil drilling in Asia. Assam is home to the one-horned Indian rhinoceros , along side the wild water ox , pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds, and provides one among the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. The Assamese economy is aided by wildlife tourism to Kaziranga park and Manas park , which are World Heritage Sites. Dibru-Saikhowa park is famed for its feral horses. Sal tree forests are found within the state which, as a results of abundant rainfall, look green all year round. Assam receives more rainfall than most parts of India; this rain feeds the Brahmaputra , whose tributaries and oxbow lakes provide the region with a hydro-geomorphic environment.
Geography and Climate
A significant geographical aspect of Assam is that it contains three of six physiographic divisions of India – The Northern Himalayas (Eastern Hills), The Northern Plains (Brahmaputra plain) and Deccan Plateau (Karbi Anglong). because the Brahmaputra flows in Assam the climate here is cold and theres rainfall most of the month. Geomorphic studies conclude that the Brahmaputra, the life-line of Assam, is an antecedent river older than the Himalayas. The river with steep gorges and rapids in Arunachal Pradesh entering Assam, becomes a braided river (at times 10 mi/16 km wide) and with tributaries, creates a flood plain (Brahmaputra Valley: 50–60 mi/80–100 km wide, 600 mi/1000 km long).The hills of Karbi Anglong, North Cachar and people in and shut to Guwahati (also Khasi-Garo Hills) now eroded and dissected are originally parts of the South Indian Plateau system.within the south, the Barak originating within the Barail Range (Assam-Nagaland border) flows through the Cachar district with a 25–30 miles (40–50 km) wide valley and enters Bangladesh with the name Surma River.
Urban centres include Guwahati, one among the 100 fastest growing cities within the world.Guwahati is additionally mentioned because the "Gateway to the North-East India". Silchar, (in the Barak valley) is that the second most populous city in Assam and a crucial centre of business. Other large cities include Dibrugarh, an oil and gas industry centre.
With the tropical monsoon climate, Assam is temperate (summer max. at 95–100 °F or 35–38 °C and winter min. at 43–46 °F or 6–8 °C) and experiences heavy rainfall and high humidity.The climate is characterised by heavy monsoon downpours reducing summer temperatures and affecting foggy nights and mornings in winters, frequent during the afternoons. Spring (March–April) and autumn (September–October) are usually pleasant with moderate rainfall and temperature. Assams agriculture usually depends on the south-west monsoon rains.
Government and politics
Assam has Governor Jagdish Mukhi because the head of the state,the unicameral Assam legislature of 126 members, and a government led by the Chief Minister of Assam. The state is split into five regional divisions.
On 19 May 2016, BJP under the leadership of Sarbananda Sonowal won the Assembly elections, thus forming the primary BJP-led government in Assam.