Gujarat may be a state on the western coast of India with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi) – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population of 60.4 million. its the fifth-largest Indian state by area and therefore the ninth-largest state by population. Gujarat is bordered by Rajasthan to the northeast, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu to the south, Maharashtra to the southeast, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and therefore the refore the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad.
The Gujarati people of India are indigenous to the state, and their language Gujarati, is that the states official language. The economy of Gujarat is that the fifth-largest in India, with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of ₹15.03 trillion (US$210 billion) and has the countrys 11th-highest GSDP per capita of ₹196,000 (US$2,700). Gujarat ranks 21st among Indian states in human development index. The state traditionally has low unemployment and is widely considered one among the foremost industrially developed states of India and a producing hub.
The state encompasses some sites of the traditional Indus Valley Civilisation, like Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. Lothal is believed to be one among the worlds first seaports. Gujarats coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and trading centres within the Maurya and Gupta empires, and through the succession of royal Saka dynasties from the Western Satraps era. along side Bihar and Nagaland, Gujarat is one among the four Indian states to ban the sale of alcohol. The Gir Forest park in Gujarat is home to the sole wild population of the Asiatic lion within the world.