Madhya Pradesh may be a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and therefore the largest city is Indore, with Jabalpur, Gwalior, Ujjain, Satna, Sagar and Rewa being the opposite major cities. Madhya Pradesh is that the second largest Indian state by area and therefore the fifth largest state by population with over 75 million residents. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest.
The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the world of the traditional Avanti Mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also referred to as Avantika) arose as a serious city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation within the sixth century BCE. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the main dynasties of India. The Maratha empire dominated the bulk of the 18th century. After the Anglo Maratha Wars 19th century, the region was divided into several princely states under British and incorporated into Central Provinces and Berar and therefore the Central India Agency.
After Indias independence, Madhya Pradesh state was created with Nagpur as its capital: this state included the southern parts of the present-day Madhya Pradesh and northeastern portion of todays Maharashtra. In 1956, this state was reorganised and its parts were combined with the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal to make the new Madhya Pradesh state, the Marathi-speaking Vidarbha region was removed and merged with the Bombay State. This state was the most important in India by area until 2000, when its southeastern Chhattisgarh region was designated a separate state.
The economy of Madhya Pradesh is that the tenth-largest state economy in India with ₹8.09 lakh crore (US$110 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹90,000 (US$1,300). Madhya Pradesh ranks 32nd among Indian states in human development index. Rich in natural resource , Madhya Pradesh has the most important reserves of diamond and copper in India. quite 30% of its area is under forest cover. Its tourism industry has seen considerable growth, with the state topping the National Tourism Awards in 2010–11. In recent years, the states GDP growth has been above the national average.