Rajasthan may be a state in northern India. The state covers a neighborhood of 342,239 square kilometres (132,139 sq mi) or 10.4 percent of the entire geographic area of India. its the most important Indian state by area and therefore the seventh largest by population. Rajasthan is found on the northwestern side of India, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert (also referred to as the "Great Indian Desert") and shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the northwest and Sindh to the west, along the Sutlej-Indus river valley.
Its bordered by five other Indian states: Punjab to the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the northeast; Madhya Pradesh to the southeast; and Gujarat to the southwest. Its geographical location is 23.3 to 30.12 North latitude and 69.30 to 78.17 East longitude, with the Tropic of Cancer passing through southernmost tip of the state.
Major features include the ruins of the Indus Valley Civilisation at Kalibangan and Balathal, the Dilwara Temples, a Jain pilgrimage site at Rajasthans only hill station, Mount Abu, within the ancient Aravalli range and in eastern Rajasthan, the Keoladeo park of Bharatpur, a World Heritage Site known for its bird life. Rajasthan is additionally home to 3 national tiger reserves, the Ranthambore park in Sawai Madhopur, Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar and Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve in Kota.
The state was formed on 30 March 1949 when Rajputana – the name adopted by British Raj for its dependencies within the region – was merged into the Dominion of India. Its capital and largest city is Jaipur. Other important cities are Jodhpur, Kota, Bikaner, Ajmer, Bharatpur and Udaipur. The economy of Rajasthan is that the seventh-largest state economy in India with ₹10.20 lakh crore (US$140 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹118,000 (US$1,700). Rajasthan ranks 29th among Indian states in human development index.