Sikkim may be a state in northeastern India. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China within the north and northeast, Bhutan within the east, Nepal within the west, and West Bengal within the south. Sikkim is additionally on the brink of Indias Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh. Sikkim is that the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. a neighborhood of the Eastern Himalaya, Sikkim is notable for its biodiversity, including alpine and subtropical climates, also as being a number to Kangchenjunga, the very best peak in India and third highest on Earth. Sikkims capital and largest city is Gangtok. Almost 35% of the state is roofed by the Khangchendzonga park – a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty within the 17th century. it had been ruled by Buddhist priest-kings referred to as the Chogyal. It became a princely state of British India in 1890. Following Indian independence, Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the Union of India after 1947, and therefore the Republic of India after 1950. It enjoyed the very best literacy rate and per capita income among Himalayan states. In 1973, anti-royalist riots happened ahead of the Chogyals palace. In 1975, after the Indian Army took over the town of Gangtok, a referendum was held that led to the deposition of the monarchy and Sikkim joining India as its 22nd state.
Modern Sikkim may be a multiethnic and multilingual Indian state. The official languages of the state are English, Nepali, Sikkimese and Lepcha. Additional official languages include Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang for the aim of preservation of culture and tradition within the state. English is taught in schools and utilized in government documents. The predominant religions are Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism. Sikkims economy is essentially hooked in to agriculture and tourism. As of 2014, the state had the third-smallest GDP among Indian states, although its also among the fastest-growing.
Sikkim accounts for the most important share of cardamom production in India, and is that the worlds second largest producer of the spice after Guatemala. Sikkim achieved its ambition to convert its agriculture to completely organic between 2003 and 2016, and have become the primary state in India to realize this distinction. its also among Indias most environmentally conscious states, having banned plastic water bottles "in any government functions and meetings" and polystyrene products.