Telangana may be a state in India situated on the south-central stretch of the Indian peninsula on the high Deccan Plateau. its the eleventh-largest state and therefore the twelfth-most populated state in India with a geographic area of 112,077 km2 (43,273 sq mi) and 35,193,978 residents as per 2011 census. On 2 June 2014, the world was separated from the northwestern a part of Andhra Pradesh because the newly formed state with Hyderabad as its capital.
Its other major cities include Warangal, Nizamabad, Khammam and Karimnagar. Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Karnataka to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south. The terrain of Telangana region consists mostly of hills, mountain ranges, and thick dense forests covering a neighborhood of 27,292 km2 (10,538 sq mi). As of 2019, the state of Telangana is split into 33 districts.
Throughout antiquity and therefore the Middle Ages, the region now referred to as Telangana was ruled by multiple major Hindustani powers like the Cholas, Mauryans, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate, Golconda Sultanate. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the region was ruled by the Mughals of India . The region is understood for its Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb culture.
During the 18th century and therefore the British Raj, Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1823, the Nizams lost control over Northern Circars (Coastal Andhra) and Ceded Districts (Rayalseema), which were handed over to the Malay Archipelago Company. The annexation by British of the Northern Circars deprived Hyderabad State, the Nizams dominion, of the considerable coastline it formerly had, thereto of a landlocked princely state with territories within the central Deccan, bounded on all sides by British India. Thereafter, the Northern Circars were governed as a part of Madras Presidency until Indias independence in 1947, after which the presidency became Indias Madras state.
The Hyderabad state joined the Union of India in 1948 after an Indian military invasion. In 1956, the Hyderabad State was dissolved as a part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State (part of the Madras Presidency during British Raj) to make Andhra Pradesh . A peasant-driven movement began to advocate for separation from Andhra Pradesh starting within the early 1950s, and continued until Telangana was granted statehood on 2 June 2014 under the leadership of K. Chandrashekar Rao.
The economy of Telangana is that the eighth-largest state economy in India with ₹9.7 trillion (US$140 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹228,000 (US$3,200). Telangana ranks 22nd among Indian states in human development index. The state has emerged as a serious focus for robust IT software, industry and services sector. The state is additionally the most administrative centre of the many Indian defence aerospace and research labs like Bharat Dynamics Limited, Defence Metallurgical lab , Defence Research and Development Organisation and Defence Research and Development Laboratory.
The cultural hearts of Telangana, Hyderabad and Warangal, are noted for his or her wealth and renowned historical structures – Charminar, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Paigah Tombs, Falaknuma Palace, Chowmahalla Palace, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, Thousand Pillar Temple and therefore the Bhongir Fort in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district. The historic city Golconda in Hyderabad established itself as a diamond trading centre and, until the top of the 19th century, the Golconda market was the first source of the best and largest diamonds within the world. Thus, the legendary name Golconda Diamonds became synonymous with Golconda itself.
The Golconda region has produced a number of the worlds most famous diamonds, including the colourless Koh-i-Noor (United Kingdom), the blue Hope (United States), the pink Daria-i-Noor (Iran), the white Regent (France), the Dresden Green (Germany), and therefore the colourless Orlov (Russia), Nizam and Jacob (India), also because the now lost diamonds Florentine Yellow, Akbar Shah and Great Mogul. Religious edifices just like the Lakshmi Narasimha Temple in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district, Makkah Masjid in Hyderabad, and Medak Cathedral are several of its most famous places of worship.