Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. With roughly 200 million inhabitants, its the most-populous state in India also because the most-populous country subdivision within the world. it had been created on 1 April 1937 because the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950, giving it the acronym UP. The state is split into 18 divisions and 75 districts, with the capital being Lucknow. On 9 November 2000, a replacement state, Uttarakhand, was carved from the states Himalayan hill region. the 2 major rivers of the state, the Ganges and Yamuna, join at Triveni Sangam in Allahabad and flow further east as Ganges. Other prominent rivers are Gomti and Saryu. The forest cover within the state is 6.09% of the states geographic area . The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and a world border with Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast. It covers 240,928 km2 (93,023 sq mi), adequate to 7.34% of the entire area of India, and is that the fourth-largest Indian state by area. Though long known for sugar production, the states economy is now dominated by the services industry. The service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, land , insurance and financial consultancies. The economy of Uttar Pradesh is that the fifth-largest state economy in India with ₹17.94 lakh crore (US$250 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita NSDP of ₹70,000 (US$980).theres a high rate of unemployment in Uttar Pradesh . The state ranks 35th among Indian states in human development index. Presidents rule has been imposed in Uttar Pradesh ten times since 1968, for various reasons and for a complete of 1,700 days. The state has two international airports, Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport (Lucknow) and Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport (Varanasi). Allahabad Junction is that the headquarters of the North Central Railway and Gorakhpur railroad station is the headquarters of the North Eastern Railway. The supreme court of the state is found in Allahabad. Inhabitants of the state are called either Awadhi, Bagheli, Bhojpuri, Braji, Bundeli, Kannauji, or Rohilkhandi depending upon their region of origin. Hinduism is practised by quite three-fourths of the population, with Islam being subsequent largest religious group. Hindi is that the most generally speech and is additionally the official language of the state, along side Urdu. Uttar Pradesh was home to most of mainstream political entity that has existed in ancient and medieval India including Maurya Empire, Harsha Empire, Mughal Empire, Delhi Sultanate, Gupta Empire also as many other empires. At the time of Indian independence movement within the early 20th century, there have been three major princely states in Uttar Pradesh – Ramgadi, Rampur and Benares. The state houses several holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres. Uttar Pradesh has three World Heritage sites and ranks first tourist destinations in India. Uttar Pradesh has several historical, natural, and non secular tourist destinations, like Kushinagar, Kanpur, Ayodhya, Vrindavan, Mathura, Varanasi, Allahabad, Lucknow, Jaunpur, Noida, Meerut, Bareilly, Faizabad, Aligarh, Agra, Jhansi, Rampur, Raebareli, Saharanpur, and Gorakhpur. Geography, Cultuew and Weather Uttar Pradesh, with a complete area of 243,290 square kilometres (93,935 sq mi), is Indias fourth-largest state in terms of acreage and is roughly of same size as uk . its situated on the northern spout of India and shares a world boundary with Nepal. The Himalayas border the state on the north, but the plains that cover most of the state are distinctly different from those high mountains. The larger Gangetic Plain region is within the north; it includes the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, the Ghaghra plains, the Ganges plains and therefore the Terai. The smaller Vindhya Range and plateau region is within the south. its characterised by hard rock strata and a varied topography of hills, plains, valleys and plateaus. The Bhabhar tract gives place to the terai area which is roofed with tall elephant grass and thick forests interspersed with marshes and swamps. The sluggish rivers of the bhabhar deepen during this area, their course running through a tangled mass of thick undergrowth. The terai runs parallel to the bhabhar during a thin strip. the whole alluvial plain is split into three sub-regions. the primary within the eastern tract consisting of 14 districts which are subject to periodical floods and droughts and are classified as scarcity areas. These districts have the very best density of population which provides rock bottom per capita land. the opposite two regions, the central and therefore the western are comparatively better with a well-developed irrigation system.They suffer from waterlogging and large-scale user tracts. additionally , the world is fairly arid. The state has quite 32 large and little rivers; of them, the Ganges, Yamuna, Saraswati, Sarayu, Betwa, and Ghaghara are larger and of spiritual importance in Hinduism.
Cultivation is intensive. The valley areas have fertile and rich soil. theres intensive cultivation on terraced hill slopes, but irrigation facilities are deficient. The Siwalik Range which forms the southern foothills of the Himalayas, slopes down into a boulder bed called bhadhar. The transitional belt running along the whole length of the state is named the terai and bhabhar area. its rich forests, cutting across it are innumerable streams which swell into raging torrents during the monsoon. Uttar Pradesh features a humid subtropical climate and experiences four seasons. The winter in January and February is followed by summer between March and should and therefore the monsoon season between June and September. Summers are extreme with temperatures fluctuating anywhere between 0 °C and 50 °C in parts of the state including dry hot winds called the toilet . The Gangetic plain varies from semiarid to sub-humid.
The mean annual rainfall ranges from 650 mm within the southwest corner of the state to 1000 mm within the eastern and southeastern parts of the state. Primarily a summer phenomenon, the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian monsoon is that the major bearer of rain in most parts of state. After summer its the south-west monsoon which brings most of the rain here, while in winters rain thanks to the western disturbances and north-east monsoon also contribute small quantities towards the general precipitation of the state.